Marble Industry India
Marble is a metamorphic rock composed of recrystallized carbonate minerals, most commonly calcite or dolomite. Marble may be foliated. Geologists use the term “marble” to refer to metamorphosed limestone; however, stonemasons use the term more broadly to encompass unmetamorphosed limestone. Marble is commonly used for sculpture and as a building material.
Uses of Marble
White marble has been prized for its use in sculptures since classical times. This preference has to do with its softness, which made it easier to carve, relative isotropy and homogeneity, and a relative resistance to shattering. Also, the low index of refraction of calcite allows light to penetrate several millimeters into the stone before being scattered out, resulting in the characteristic waxy look which gives “life” to marble sculptures of any kind, which is why many sculptors preferred and still prefer marble for sculpting.
Construction marble is a stone which is composed of calcite, dolomite or serpentine which is capable of taking a polish.More generally in construction, specifically the dimension stone trade, the term “marble” is used for any crystalline calcitic rock (and some non-calcitic rocks) useful as building stone. For example, Tennessee marble is really a dense granular fossiliferous gray to pink to maroon Ordovician limestone that geologists call the Holston Formation.
Ashgabat, the capital city of Turkmenistan, was recorded in the 2013 Guinness Book of Records as having the world’s highest concentration of white marble buildings.
Key Markets and Export Destinations
- Total value of granite and marble exports from India stood at Rs. 9,766 crore in 2015-16.
- The value of marble yarn exported from India in 2015-16 stood at Rs 12,047 crore, while export of Granite and products accounted for the majority of exports revenue.
- India has overtaken China, South Africa, Saudia Arabia and Brazil, and is now the second largest marble and granite exporter in the world, contributing around 23 per cent to the global marble and granite trade.
- Kuwait is the biggest importer of marble from India with a share of 22.7 per cent, followed by China (13.9 per cent), Bangladesh (9.0 per cent), UAE (5.7 per cent) and Germany (3.1 per cent), among others
Various reputed Indian retailers and marble brands such as RK Marbles, Avid Marbles & Granites, Inani Marbles & Industries, Nakodamarbles, Elegant Natural Stones, Sati Exports, Natural Stone, Shree Rishabh Exporter Green Marble & Granite, Regatta Universal Exports, Lomrod and Bhandari Marble World exports Indian marbles and granite products.
Marble Export Promotion Council
CAPEXIL : CHEMICAL AND ALLIED EXPORT PROMOTION COUNCIL OF INDIA
CAPEXIL, a non-profit making organization, was setup in March 1958 by the Ministry of Commerce, Government of India to promote export of Chemical and Allied Products from India. And since then has been the voice of Indian business community. With the headquarter at Kolkata, and regional offices at New Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata and Chennai, CAPEXIL has more than 3500 members across the country. One of the fascinating aspects of CAPEXIL is the overwhelming variety of products it deals with.
List of types of marble
|Pentelic marble||pure-white, fine-grained semitranslucent|
|Creole marble||white and blue/black|
|Etowah marble||pink, salmon, rose|
|Nero Marquina marble||black|
|Parian marble||pure-white, fine-grained|
|Carrara marble||white or blue-gray|
|Rușchița marble||white, pinkish, reddish|
|Sienna marble||yellow with violet, red, blue or white veins|
|Swedish green marble||green|
|Yule marble||uniform pure white|